The wood of Pterocarpus santalinus is extremely hard and resistant to termites. It was used for houses posts, agricultural implements and for carving.
The wood yields a dye, the santalin. The dye is used for calico printings, for staining wood, for dyeing leather in red and cloth in pink. (Dastur, 2006, Useful Plants of India and Pakistan)
The wood of Pterocarpus santalinus was exported to Japan for making musical instruments. (Sahni, 1998, The Book of Indian Trees)
Nowadays, Pterocarpus santalinus is protected and it is on the IUCN endangered redlist of flora.